(Originally published in Berlin Daily Sun)
To the Editor,
Dear Mr. Lawrence,
I am writing you in regard to the Northern Pass/Quebec Hydroelectric project. I do so as someone born and raised in northern New Hampshire and as a continuing resident of the state for five months each year. I support the Northern Pass.
According to the U.S. Forest Service, New Hampshire is already second only to Maine as the most heavily forested state in relationship to its size (leaving aside what the Federal Reserve calls “undevelopable wilderness”). Of course it is important to protect the forest, but it is also important to take a balanced view of features and benefits of the Northern Pass and not to argue on the basis of rumor and special interests.
The fact is that 80% of the Northern Pass transmission project will be built on existing rights of way, alongside the power lines that have existed for decade after decade. It is anticipated to create something like 1200 new jobs during the construction period and will generate a Jobs Creation Fund for the period following. This is important, given that the rate of unemployment in the North Country approaches 9 percent, since the sharp decline in the pulp and paper industry. (Vermont and Massachusetts have added jobs over the last several years, while New Hampshire lost them.)
Declining rates of population growth mean a declining tax base, but Northern Pass will bring something like $28 million in new tax revenues per year to cities and towns. To claim that the effect on the so-called “view shed”—the pretty views you might be able to see from your property—will cause a corresponding decline in taxable values is simply untenable. We‘re talking transmission lines here, like those we see when we drive about other parts of the country. Just how many favored individuals have had “views” figured into their tax rate to begin with?
What’s more, the Northern Pass is privately funded—no tax dollars involved at a time when the country needs more power, it has financial challenges, but it also needs to reduce its dependence on dirty, climate-changing fossil fuels. Hydro power—from moving water—generates the power that New England needs without consuming fossil fuels. Cheaper, cleaner energy.
The most troubling part about the arguments you hear is that they try to pit “us” against “them.” At the same time our State of New Hampshire is pushing ATV “parks” to raise revenues from tourists, somehow we mustn’t lend a hand to our neighbors in Southern New England through the Northern Pass because they’re not from New Hampshire, nor should we pay Quebec for something we need and they can supply on better terms than we can produce it ourselves.
Actually, we’re all on the same grid in the end, and we all need this power.
Christopher Lawrence is with the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE-20), U.S. Department of Energy
- Regional Energy Need – The operator of our electrical grid, ISO New England, predicts we’ll increase peak energy demand by 17% over the next decade, but the supply will drop as many outdated power plants close. New England needs to find nearly 6,000 megawatts of new power to replace more than 8,000 megawatts disappearing in the next few years. Northern Pass will bring 1,200 megawatts of clean, low-cost, renewable hydro-power into the picture.
- Benefits for NH – Northern Pass will bring low-cost, clean energy to New Hampshire and all of New England. Our state, specifically, will benefit from the creation of 1,200 new jobs over the construction period, a Jobs Creation Fund to spur sustainable employment beyond that, and $28 million in annual tax revenues to cities and towns along the transmission route.
- Energy Savings – Hydro-power is a lot less expensive than energy derived from fossil fuels. Having 1,200 MW of hydro in the mix will reduce wholesale energy prices by $25-$30 million a year for New Hampshire customers.
- Privately funded, no customer subsidy needed – Northern Pass is paid for entirely by investors, without any tax- or rate-payer money. This is laid out in a federally-approved “Transmission Service Agreement” between Northern Pass and Hyrdo-Quebec, the company that will lease the line to sell its hydro power to the New England market. Northern Pass is the only project in the region, either proposed or in the works, with this kind of agreement.
- Mostly constructed along existing Rights of Way – Transmission lines have been running from the North Country to southern New Hampshire for decades along a cleared and maintained Right of Way. More than 80% of the Northern Pass transmission project will be built either on this existing ROW, alongside the power lines that have existed for generations, or buried under state and public roads. The remainder of the project has been strategically relocated, on property owned or leased by Northern Pass, to minimize visual impact.
- Lowest greenhouse gas emission – The energy transmitted by the Northern Pass will help offset carbon emissions by up to 5 million tons annually be reducing our dependence on dirtier fossil fuels. Additionally, hydro in its own right is among the lowest emitter of CO2 of any power source, about the same as wind power. Solar panel generation emits 10x the greenhouse gasses per kilowatt hour, compared to hydro.
- Enough power to light up a million homes – 1,200 megawatts is a lot of power. How much, you ask? It’s the equivalent of the power put out by four natural gas power plants. Up to one million homes and businesses can be powered by 1,200 megawatts. That’s a lot of clean, green electricity.
For the Monitor
Sunday, November 17, 2013
When PSNH announced its plans to build the Northern Pass power line, I was happy to hear more good-paying jobs were coming to New Hampshire. I am 25, and many of my friends are leaving the North Country to find jobs elsewhere. I started my own business, JCS Trucking, and am employing people today. Northern Pass would likely bring enough work to my company that I could hire others in Coos County.
I’ve heard a lot of opponents criticize these jobs as temporary work that will only be around for a few years. What they don’t understand is that most construction jobs are temporary jobs. People in construction will work a job until it’s done, and then they start looking for another one. It’s the nature of the business.
As for those burger flippers, I suppose Harrigan has never had to work on a road crew, in a hotel or at a restaurant, but there are plenty of people in this state who do and would love to see a boost in business from Northern Pass.
Over-reliance on natural gas proves costly
Sunday, November 17, 2013
by Marc Brown
National Grid of Massachusetts recently submitted a tariff request that will raise electricity rates for its residential customers by nearly 20% and its industrial customers by 30%. These increases will have a major impact on jobs, as a 30% increase in electricity rates to all Massachusetts’ industries would result in $600 million dollars in addition electricity costs annually — and countless job losses. The elderly and poor will also be highly impacted as a greater portion of their monthly expenses go to energy costs, leaving them with less money for food, medicine and other essentials. These rate increases are a direct result of New England’s over-reliance on natural gas for electricity generation, which will only be magnified as reliable base-load power options like Brayton Point and Vermont Yankee are retired. Immediately after Entergy announced the retirement of Vermont Yankee effective at the end of 2014, the Algonquin Citygate natural gas futures basis price rose $. 50 per MMBtu. Natural gas set the price for electricity in New England during 80% of operating hours — which leaves ratepayers extremely vulnerable to increases in natural gas prices.
The explosion of the natural gas industry nationwide has been a boon to our economy and a benefit to ratepayers by lowering electricity costs. Unfortunately for New Englanders, the benefits of low-cost natural gas are tempered by restricted natural gas pipeline capacity in the Northeast. New England electricity generators have become increasing reliant on natural gas over the past two decades and electricity from natural gas now constitutes over 50% of power generated in the region — up from just 5% of generation in 1990. Additionally, local distribution companies (LDCs) account for most of the firm commitments on pipeline capacity in the region in order to provide home heating fuel to customers in the winter — resulting in restricted natural gas supplies for electricity generation and sharp price spikes in the region on colder winter days. According to the United States Department of Energy, on January 25, 2013 natural gas prices in New England reached $35/MMBtu while prices in the rest of the country remained below $4/MMBtu. In February electricity prices increased 400% during one cold spell.
New England’s Independent System Operator (ISO-NE) currently has roughly 5,000 MW of new capacity in its interconnection queue — which essentially represents all of the generation projects that are pending approval for construction in New England. 2,000 MW are wind projects, which rely heavily on natural gas generation for back-up to provide electricity when the wind doesn’t blow. Furthermore, what will happen to these projects when wind developers no longer have taxpayer-funded financing in the form of federal production/investment tax credits (PTC/ITC), which are set to expire at the end of the year? 2,700 MW are natural gas projects, which in theory should be good for reliability and rates as natural gas is cheap and abundant nationally, but the aforementioned capacity supply constraints in New England prohibit the region from taking full advantage of natural gas supplies. This could ultimately subject us to the kind of market manipulation the plagued California during its energy crisis in 2000, which caused rolling blackouts and wholesale electricity rates to climb to 800% over an eight-month period.
The pertinent question to ask is what is our electricity grid going to look like 10 or even 20 years from now? Without any PTC or ITC and ever-increasing opposition to siting of turbines, wind farms are out of the question — just look at the Cape Wind project that has received PPAs at three-to-five times wholesale rates and a 2.2 cent per kilowatt-hour production tax credit and still cannot find sufficient private capital to fund the project? Take away those “incentives” and it’s highly unlikely that we will ever see ground broken on another wind project in New England.
Due to environmental constraints, new coal and nuclear plants are off of the table and currently, 20 percent of the region’s capacity is supplied by uneconomical oil-fired plants that are only utilized when demand is high or scarcity conditions call for them to be dispatched — but at a premium. Oil-fired units have value to the grid because they provide capacity and reliability, but they shouldn’t be considered as a long-term solution to our electricity needs.
Putting all of our eggs in the basket of one fuel source is asking for trouble and will only further add to what are already the highest electricity rates of any region in the lower forty-eight. Legislators and stakeholders need to take a more discerning look at the future of our energy grid and promote policies that will provide the region with dependable, reliable, affordable electricity, not one that is profligate with politically-preferred projects that offer nothing but high electricity rates to the individuals and businesses that pay the bills.
Brown is executive director of the New England Ratepayers Association.
We just discovered this gem on the Northern Pass project journal. While anyone can propose an unrealistic and uneconomic project hoping to receive ratepayer/ taxpayer subsidies, Northern Pass is the only green energy project in New England that can stand on its own two feet...
Popping Trial Balloons: Considering Northern Pass in light of conceptual projects
Northern Pass stands alone as the only project in New England that requires no customer subsidy and will bring clean, low-cost hydro power along with direct and substantial economic benefits to New Hampshire. Northern Pass has a proposed route and a firm agreement with an energy supplier (Hydro Québec) to pay the project costs.
Everyone agrees that New England is in serious need of new sources of base load energy to meet future energy demands. The power grid operator, ISO New England, projects that 8,000 megawatts of generating capacity are at risk of retiring by 2020, and, in just the last month, we’ve seen actual announcements that more than 2,000 megawatts of energy will soon be gone. As a region, the ISO projects we need to construct more than 5,000 megawatts of new generation assets in the coming years to keep the grid running. Northern Pass is a large part of the solution, and yet the region must continue to look for additional new energy sources.
TDI New England, a private transmission line developer, this week announced a proposal to construct a 1,000 megawatt line to connect a yet-to-be determined energy source from Québec to New England. The proposal calls for a line placed underwater for 100 miles through Lake Champlain and then underground for 50 miles through Vermont along an undetermined route.
Instead of putting such a proposal in the perspective of the region’s larger energy challenges, some groups are using the announcement as an opportunity to attack Northern Pass and to mislead the public by making “apples to oranges” comparisons. It is an unfortunate reality that these groups, including the Conservation Law Foundation and the Forest Society, are willing to put their own special interests and fundraising campaigns before the needs of the region.
This new proposal is an interesting concept but it is disingenuous to compare it to Northern Pass. It joins other merchant project trial balloons that may never get off the ground. Northern Pass is farther along compared to this and other conceptual proposals, and is positioned very well to earn required permits and move forward. Since announcing the project three years ago and unveiling our improved route in June of this year, we’ve made significant headway toward clearing regulatory and technical hurdles, and anticipate beginning operations in 2017. There are several other fundamental differences between Northern Pass and this new TDI proposal, including:
- Northern Pass anticipates transmitting 1,200 megawatts of energy, enough to power about one million homes. TDI’s proposal is smaller at 1000 megawatts. That 200 megawatt difference is the equivalent of more than four Groton Wind farms.
- Northern Pass will directly provide $28 million in annual tax revenue to towns, counties and the state and create 1,200 jobs during the construction period. The TDI proposal would provide no jobs or tax revenue to New Hampshire.
- Northern Pass has federal approval of a payment agreement between the project and the energy supplier, Hydro Québec. Under the agreement, no ratepayer funds will be used to pay for the project. The new proposal (like another TDI proposal, the Champlain Hudson Power Express) has no such an arrangement nor has it applied for one. Until such an agreement is formalized, it’s possible this proposal may seek to recover its costs from ratepayers.
- Northern Pass has a viable route that does NOT involve the use of eminent domain. The TDI proposal has not indicated how it will obtain the right to develop necessary right-of-way. TDI’s Champlain Hudson Power Express proposal has indicated the use of eminent domain may be necessary; and, this is noted in its Draft Environmental Impact Statement issued by the U.S. Department of Energy.
- Northern Pass applied three years ago to the regional power grid operator, ISO-New England, for permission to interconnect to the grid and is close to receiving it. The TDI proposal indicates it has only just filed with ISO, and is at least a year away from applying for any necessary state permits.
We take it as a positive sign that others are proposing solutions to meet the region’s significant energy challenges. All proposals need to be considered, and it is clear that no single “silver bullet” project will address all the region’s challenges at once. Meanwhile, the facts are clear that Northern Pass is a legitimate project with a firm partner, proven technology, a viable route, and will bring direct and substantial economic, energy, and environmental benefits to New Hampshire and New England.
Natural-gas prices are on the rise
(Full article at Sentinel and Enterprise)
If you heat your home with natural gas, you will need to reach a little deeper into your pocket this winter to pay for your bills...
The projections come amid the natural-gas production boom in the U.S. that has kept utility bills steady in recent years. Natural-gas prices have plummeted as producers began using the hydraulic fracturing technology to extract gas from rock layers -- the previously untapped gas reservoirs...
Natural gas costs less now than it did in 2008 and earlier in New England, as well. But prices haven't fallen in the region as much as in the rest of the country. In fact, the more popular natural gas has become, the more Massachusetts residents are paying to heat and light their homes.
That's because New England has only has so many gas pipelines funneling fuel into the region, so supply cannot keep up with the ever-growing demand.
According to ISO New England -- the nonprofit regional transmission organization serving Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, Vermont, Rhode Island and Connecticut -- natural gas was responsible for 15 percent of power generation in the six states.
Last year, 52 percent of power was generated on natural gas.
That means New England power generators switched to natural gas more quickly than in other regions in the U.S...
Growing uses of natural gas for power production increases prices for residential gas heating...
That is particularly a problem in New England, where the pipes become congested like a traffic jam in narrow streets. That causes price spikes during cold winter months, according to the federal Department of Energy...
But in New England, natural-gas usage for power production continues to grow. As of Oct. 1, natural gas supplied through Algonquin Gas Transmission Company -- the principal interstate natural-gas pipeline serving the Boston area -- cost $6.76 per MMBtu, nearly double $3.39 a year ago.
In order to lock in the price for January and February supply through Algonquin, buyers were paying as much as $11.75 per MMBtu. And that may be a deal considering the more than $30 MMBtu spikes the region saw over last winter.
As of Oct. 1, natural gas cost $3.50 to $3.80 per MMBtu in many other parts of the country, up from $2.50 to $2.70 a year ago...
"The New England ISO reported that during periods of natural-gas system constraints last winter, there were operational events that would have created reliability concerns if the weather had been more severe," DOR noted in its Energy Market Assessment Report to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission last month.
National Grid now pays 38 percent more to buy power than it did a year ago.
But the overall bill will only increase by 18 percent to 19 percent because delivery charges and other components of the bill aren't rising, according to Deborah Drew, spokeswoman for National Grid.
A typical household that consumes 500 kwh of electricity each month will see its bill increase by $13.87, from $74.38 to $88.25...
Transmission experts refute the theory that transmission burial is a viable option in New Hampshire.
First it was Tiler Eaton from the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.
Next, the Keene Sentinel called the idea "treating a hangnail with a chainsaw".
Then came today's article in the Nashua Telegraph (posted below).
And while self-proclaimed energy experts and pseudo-environmentalists show their ignorance by saying Northern Pass should "discover the shovel," it doesn't take a transmission expert to know that they call New Hampshire the "Granite State" for a reason...
Northern Pass won’t pay to bury lines in push for Quebec electricity, official says
By DAVID BROOKS
(Excerpts below. Full article available at NashuaTelegragh.com)
Burying the Northern Pass transmission line along its 160-plus miles from the Quebec border would be so expensive that the private firm proposing the line won’t do it unless somebody else helps pay, which is unlikely. But killing the line would block the region’s best chance of avoiding a crippling dependence on natural gas...
Even if burying the lines increases the estimated $1.4 billion cost of the project by 50 percent... the project becomes “uneconomic”...
Gary Long argued Tuesday that killing Northern Pass because of concerns about its appearance as it cuts through the North Country, the major reason for opposition during two years of hot debate, is a long-term mistake for the region. The 1,200-megawatt project is important for New England electricity users, he said, because it provides a reliable and relatively inexpensive source of electricity that doesn’t directly generate pollution.
Long argued, as he has for years, that New England’s increasing reliance on natural gas to provide our electricity leaves the region vulnerable to brownouts during high-usage winter and summer months, partly because only two major pipelines bring natural gas into the region.
He said the coming retirement of Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant and a number of coal-fired plants, including New England’s biggest, Brayton Point in Massachusetts, increases this vulnerability. “There are 3,300 megawatts of power plants retiring and another 5,000 megawatts at risk,” he said...
This, combined with an increase in power usage as the nation comes out of the recession, means New England’s historical surplus in energy production may be coming to an end. He shared copies of an Oct. 17 memo sent to members of the ISO-New England Reliability Committee that said the next auction of contracts of electricity generation, set for February to cover production three years down the road, points to “a deficiency of 1,547 megawatts”...
Since no nuclear or fossil-fuel power plants are likely to be built, large wind farms draw opposition, and solar in New England remains tiny, Long said, the best way to avoid further reliance on the single fuel of natural gas is to use electricity from Quebec. By some calculations, Quebec hydropower equals more than all the power production in New England combined, and the province is eager to connect with New York and New England to sell that power...
As for the environmental aspect, Long noted that one of the task force recommendations in the state’s Carbon Action Plan, which was released in 2009 to provide a blueprint for reducing the state’s contribution to climate change, is to “enable importation of Canadian hydro and wind generation”...
The New England Power Generators Association (NEPGA) has been a vocal opponent of the Northern Pass transmission project -- and with good reason. Hydropower is a serious threat to their attempted stranglehold on New England's energy future.
So the next time someone from NEPGA writes an op-ed blasting hydropower (or any other generation type) remember that NH is already paying the price for their market chickanery.
The price? 20% to be exact...
And the "environmentalists" who oppose clean, renewable hydropower should look in the mirror and ask themselves why they're carrying the water (or shall we say "fracking fluid") of the natural gas industry...
New England's reliance on natural gas drives power bills up nearly 20% this winter
Jon Chesto, Managing Editor, Print-Boston Business Journal
(Excerpts below. Full article available here)
New England is becoming more reliant than ever on natural gas.
And that gas sure is cheap these days, what with all that fracking happening just a few hundred miles away in Pennsylvania.
So that means our electric bills should be going down this winter, right?
Nope. It actually means the opposite...
It’s a little like a big box store coming into a small town, offering lower prices than all the Main Street shops, and then putting those independents out of business. What happens next? Prices go up. The parallel isn’t exact, but you get the idea.
The cost of electricity in New England dropped sharply in 2009 as domestic natural gas supplies surged following the widespread use of hydraulic fracturing, a method of extracting shale gas by blasting through rocks with water (and some chemicals)...
So how does this translate into higher prices? Last winter, on super cold days, the generators were needed more than ever. Much of the natural gas was sent to home-heating customers first. But New England still needed natural gas to keep the lights on. We only have two pipelines into New England from the west, where our domestic gas comes from,and these were maxed out. So pricier natural gas was imported, most likely from Canada.
Deborah Drew, a spokeswoman for National Grid, confirmed my theory that wholesale power prices are increasing this winter partially because of our dependence on natural gas and New England’s pipeline constraints. Drew tells me the futures market for natural gas has taken into account the risk of these price spikes occurring again this winter — price spikes driven by cold weather, unscheduled plant outages, and pipeline restrictions. National Grid doesn’t make a profit from the generation charges (although it does earn a profit from the transmission and distribution charges).
And I haven’t relayed the really bad news yet. Last year, less than 4 percent of New England’s power came from oil and gas, compared with 40 percent a decade ago...
...Without a major influx of new electrical supplies (like, say, a proposed transmission line that would link us with big hydropower plants in Quebec), our reliance on natural gas is only going to keep growing. There’s some talk of expanding pipeline capacity, but significant upgrades are a long way off. Unless we get an unusually mild winter, the odds are good that we’ll see another increase a year from now. Even if rates stay roughly the same, it’s almost a certainty that the days when New England enjoyed super-cheap power from natural gas won’t be returning for years – if they ever come back.
Northern Pass: North Country resort's claims 'wrong'
By DAVE SOLOMON
(Excerpts below. Full article at Union Leader)
CONCORD — Northern Pass partners have yet to submit their official response to a lawsuit filed by a North Country resort area that claims plans for the hydroelectric project could run them into bankruptcy.
But in a statement released late last week, spokesmen for Public Service of New Hampshire and its parent, Northeast Utilities, claim that any allegation that the project triggered a decline in the resort's real estate sales is "simply wrong and has no basis in fact."
Owners of the Owl's Nest Resort and Golf Club, located near the White Mountain National Forest, filed suit in early October, claiming that the resort and 18-hole golf course are threatened with extinction by the prospect of the power lines for the Northern Pass cutting through the property...
In their unofficial response to the lawsuit, the Northern Pass partners claim that the terms of the [transmission] easement were clear, and that the economy, not Northern Pass, triggered the drop in sales.
"Publicly available data clearly shows that the resort has suffered the effects of a deep recession that began well before the Northern Pass project, significantly impacting the New Hampshire real estate market," they wrote. "It is unfortunate that Owl's Nest, like many others across our state and the rest of the country, has been impacted by this economic downturn"...
They point out that the resort has been voted the best golf course in New Hampshire, notwithstanding the existing transmission lines and right-of-way over the property.
"This 2007 agreement expressly recognized PSNH's right to construct and install additional transmission lines, poles, towers, and related electric transmission equipment and facilities within the power line right-of-way; a provision that Owl's Nest was fully aware of," according to Northern Pass. "In this lawsuit, the owners of Owl's Nest claim that they were misled by PSNH about the terms of the 2007 agreement and its intended use. This claim is not only untrue, but is incredible in light of the clear language of the 2007 agreement"...
Nonetheless, PSNH has attempted to negotiate a settlement with Owl's Nest, and will continue to do so, according to company officials, who stated, "We remain open to continuing our cooperative dialogue with Owl's Nest to address any legitimate concerns they may have with our proposal."
Attempts to bury the Northern Pass are overbroad
(Full article posted below courtesy of Keene Sentinel)
Among the 876 pieces of legislation proposed last winter in the New Hampshire Legislature, some were passed into law, many died either in committee or on the floor of the House or Senate, and several dozen were placed on hold for the 2014 session to deal with.
Among these “retained” bills, a handful caught our eye:
HB 166 would “require transmission lines that are not for the public good to be placed underground.”
HB 568 would “require new electric transmission lines in New Hampshire to be buried.”
HB 569 would “require that all electric transmission lines in the state of New Hampshire be placed within state transportation rights-of-way to the extent possible.”
The bills were introduced during the heated debate over the proposed Northern Pass project, but failed to gain enough traction to get out of committee. They were eventually retained by the House Science, Technology and Energy Committee, meaning they were held over to this session, but must go before the full House this year.
Ostensibly, the idea here was that the project’s 180 miles of electrical transmission lines (and, of course, those of other future projects, because the bills aren’t just about the Northern Pass) would mar the beauty of the Granite State, but 180 miles of trenches dug to put them underground would eventually heal. Really, we suspect, the point was to drive up the cost of the project to the point where its backers, Northeast Utilities (which owns Public Service of New Hampshire) and Hydro-Quebec, will step away.
Former PSHN head Gary Long, who is now Northeast Utilities’ point person for the Northern Pass, pinned the added cost of burying 7.5 miles of the lines at $200 million. The Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests scoffs at that number, and argues the entire project should be buried (both literally and figuratively).
But the cost example cited by the forest society — a 333-mile project through the Hudson River Valley in New York State — isn’t very pertinent because the majority of that project would be underwater, which is far less-expensive than actually burying lines. That would not be the case in New Hampshire.
Industry analysts have repeatedly, across the nation, pegged the cost of burying transmission lines at five to 10 times that of stringing them, and it’s worth noting the cost of repairing underground lines is far higher than that of lines overhead.
There may well be reason to bury part, or all, of the project, and perhaps to not build it at all. But that’s all beside the point here.
As is the case with many bills that make their way onto the legislative docket in response to specific controversial situations, these seem to be more reactionary than well-thought-out.
Among the unintended consequences they may spark is a substantial rise in the cost of future development for all large projects. That, in turn, could swell the cost of public projects at the state and local levels, while pushing private developers to rethink investing in the Granite State, which in turn, would kill much-needed jobs in the construction industry. That’s one scenario painted in testimony Tuesday by members of the state’s electrical workers union (which, we note, has been on board the Northern Pass train from the start).
We’ll not debate the merits of the Northern Pass project at this point, but these overbroad attempts to derail it amount to treating a hangnail with a chainsaw.